二轮专题八“综合题答题技巧”第一讲 特征类——水文、水系特征

    【水文特征分析方法】 <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/3ccd0b8659d64b0171705dd1c42df601.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/3ccd0b8659d64b0171705dd1c42df601.png" class="img-polaroid" title="01.png" alt="01.png" /></a> </div> 【水系特征分析方法】 一般从河流流向、流程长短、河网密度、流域面积大小、河道的弯曲程度、支流排列形状(扇形、树枝状)等角度分析。 1.图10中A地年平均降水量734.5毫米,其中夏季降水量占全年的61.4%;1月平均气温-12℃,7月平均气温24.6℃。读图简述流经A地河流的水文特征。(3分) <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/29ff4b607aa9e95441b2b41b609193d0.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/29ff4b607aa9e95441b2b41b609193d0.png" class="img-polaroid" title="02.png" alt="02.png" /></a> </div>     2.结合材料,读图回答下列问题。描述H河中下游的水文特征。(5分)   <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/b3a7b14b2420c0c5cef4724d9a1a4870.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/b3a7b14b2420c0c5cef4724d9a1a4870.png" class="img-polaroid" title="03.png" alt="03.png" /></a> </div> 3.读图,说明G河水量丰富的原因。(3分) <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/f896d015f1da555332d28bbbd992eea9.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/f896d015f1da555332d28bbbd992eea9.png" class="img-polaroid" title="04.png" alt="04.png" /></a> </div> 4.指出尼日尔河从P点到Q点河段的水量变化趋势,并分析其自然原因。(4分)   <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/48be3d354d71777bd8bdd8e4b1e4efa9.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/48be3d354d71777bd8bdd8e4b1e4efa9.png" class="img-polaroid" title="05.png" alt="05.png" /></a> </div> 5.读中亚部分地区图,分析影响R1和R2两河流的主要补给方式及其流量变化的影响因素。 <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/72bf21b51cfbdcc10ec0d7f9540bb421.jpg" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/72bf21b51cfbdcc10ec0d7f9540bb421.jpg" class="img-polaroid" title="06.jpg" alt="06.jpg" /></a> </div>   6.读图,比较图中两水文站所测河流泥沙含量的差异(1分),任选一个水文站分析其原因。(2分) <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/88fb00dd400774b6e3b90e1dea2dce4c.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/88fb00dd400774b6e3b90e1dea2dce4c.png" class="img-polaroid" title="07.png" alt="07.png" /></a> </div> 7.读图回答下列问题:   <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/907c210acbe9423595a6f4a854b7917c.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/907c210acbe9423595a6f4a854b7917c.png" class="img-polaroid" title="08.png" alt="08.png" /></a> </div> (1)图a、b水系的构成分别有何特点?(4分) (2)请分析a、b图两个水系水灾频繁发生的原因?  (3)我国有哪些著名水系具有这样的构成特点? 8.读图回答问题: <div class="aw-upload-img-list active"> <a href="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/de917cc48be059a3e40293938af27675.png" target="_blank" data-fancybox-group="thumb" rel="lightbox"><img src="http://www.ix101.com/uploads/article/20190410/de917cc48be059a3e40293938af27675.png" class="img-polaroid" title="09.png" alt="09.png" /></a> </div>   (1)描述X半岛河流水系特征。(3分) (2)说出Y半岛降水空间分布特点,并分析原因。(5分) (3)从地形及气候条件说明甲国主要城市的分布特点。(8分)         word版下载: <a href="https://pan.baidu.com/s/1yeP6Ri_MEHRajVZW7zVStw" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">https://pan.baidu.com/s/1yeP6Ri_MEHRajVZW7zVStw </a>   提取码:tvcm   
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